World Thalassaemia Day is celebrated all over the world on May 8.The event celebration promotes and encourages people for the pre-marriage test to reduce the genetic problems among families. Thalassaemia is a genetic blood disorder, that causes the weakening and destruction of red blood cells, affects the formation of haemoglobin in the body and causes mild or severe anemia. Mild thalassaemia sometimes does not show any symptoms thus remain undiagnosed. The disease can be treated through the blood transfusion, B group vitamins supplements, blood and bone marrow stem cell transplantation to maintain the normal level of haemoglobin and healthy RBCs.
Since, it is an inheritable disease, it cannot be prevented completely. However, it can be lessen through the prenatal tests which help in the early detection of the disease. It is unfortunate that the healthcare department of the country has neither a policy for the prevention of the illness nor is there a platform for it at the federal level. It is the responsibility of the government to establish a committee of experts to draft a policy. Once a policy is prepared, recommendations will be given on how patients should be regulated and how blood transfusions should be carried out.
Dr Zeeshan Khan